I can not connect to Umbrel web UI after reflashing SD card

I ran into issues recently with Umbrel so I decided to reflash my SD card. Balena Etcher ran it’s validation and said the flash was successful. After putting the SD card into my Raspberry Pi and powering it on, I can not connect to the web UI. (ERR_CONNECTION_REFUSED). The same error occures if I use umbrel.local or if I type in the IP address directly.

I can, however, SSH into the the Umbrel using the default password.

Here was the output of the ~/umbrel/scripts/debug:

I ran shutdown -r. After reboot, I ran the debug script again and got this:

Does anyone have any idea what is going wrong here?